Special Characters and Symbols – HTML, CSS and JS representations

Special Characters and Symbols HTML, CSS and JS representations

Last updated on June 14th, 2018 at 11:13 am

Special Characters and Symbols HTML, CSS and JS representations

The following are the :

  • HTML codes for special characters and symbols
  • CSS representations of the characters
  • JavaScript Hexadecimal (Hex) and Octal Representations

 

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
SPECIAL CHARACTERS

 

""quotation marku+0022 ISOnum\0022\42
###number signu+0023 ISOnum\0023\43
$$$dollar signu+0024 ISOnum\0024\44
%%%percent signu+0025 ISOnum\0025\45
&&&ampersandu+0026 ISOnum\0026\46
''apostropheu+0027 ISOnum\0027\47
(((left parenthesisu+0028 ISOnum\0028\50
)))right parenthesisu+0029 ISOnum\0029\51
***asterisku+002A ISOnum\002a\52
+++plus signu+002B ISOnum\002b\53
,,,commau+002C ISOnum\002c\54
−-hyphen-minusu+002D ISOnum\002d\55
...full stop; periodu+002E ISOnum\002e\56
///solidus; slashu+002F ISOnum\002f\57
:::colonu+003A ISOnum\003a\72
;;&#59;semicolonu+003B ISOnum\003b\73
&lt;<&#60;less-thanu+003C ISOnum\003c\74
&equals;=&#61;equalsu+003D ISOnum\003d\75
&gt;>&#62;greater-than signu+003E ISOnum\003e\76
&quest;?&#63;question marku+003F ISOnum\003f\77
&commat;@&#64;at sign; commercial atu+0040 ISOnum\0040\100
&lsqb;[&#91;left square bracketu+005B ISOnum\005b\133
&bsol;\&#92;backslashu+005C ISOnum\005c\134
&rsqb;]&#93;right square bracketu+005D ISOnum\005d\135
&Hat;^&#94;circumflex accentu+005E ISOnum\005e\136
&lowbar;_&#95;low lineu+005F ISOnum\005f\137
&grave;`&#96;grave accentu+0060 ISOnum\0060\u0060
&lcub;{&#123;left curly bracketu+007b ISOnum\007b\173
&verbar;|&#124;vertical baru+007c ISOnum\007c\174
&rcub;}&#125;right curly bracketu+007d ISOnum\007d\175
~&#125;tildeu+007e ISOnum\007e\176
 

LATIN

 
HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&nbsp;&#160;no-break space%A0\00a0\240
&iexcl;¡&#161;inverted exclamation mark%A1\00a1\241
&cent;¢&#162;cent sign%A2\00a2\242
&pound;£&#163;pound sterling sign%A3\00a3\243
&curren;¤&#164;general currency sign%A4\00a4\244
&yen;¥&#165;yen sign%A5\00a5\245
&#x20B9;&#x20B9;Indian Rupee (INR) signU+20B9\20B9\u20B9
&brvbar;¦&#166;broken (vertical) bar%A6\00a6\246
&sect;§&#167;section sign%A7\00a7\247
&uml;¨&#168;umlaut (dieresis)%A8\00a8\250
&copy;©&#169;copyright sign%A9\00a9\251
&ordf;ª&#170;ordinal indicator, feminine%AA\00aa\252
&laquo;«&#171;angle quotation mark, left%AB\00ab\253
&not;¬&#172;not sign%AC\00ac\254
&shy;&#173;soft hyphen%AD\00ad\255
&reg;®&#174;registered sign%AE\00ae\256
&macr;¯&#175;macron%AF\00af\257
&deg;°&#176;degree sign%B0\00b0\260
&plusmn;±&#177;plus-or-minus sign%B1\00b1\261
&sup2;²&#178;superscript two%B2\00b2\262
&sup3;³&#179;superscript three%B3\00b3\263
&acute;´&#180;acute accent%B4\00b4\264
&micro;µ&#181;micro sign%B5\00b5\265
&para;&#182;pilcrow (paragraph sign)%B6\00b6\266
&middot;·&#183;middle dot%B7\00b7\267
&cedil;¸&#184;cedilla%B8\00b8\270
&sup1;¹&#185;superscript one%B9\00b9\271
&ordm;º&#186;ordinal indicator, masculine%BA\00ba\272
&raquo;»&#187;angle quotation mark, right%BB\00bb\273
&frac14;¼&#188;fraction one-quarter%BC\00bc\274
&frac12;½&#189;fraction one-half%BD\00bd\275
&frac34;¾&#190;fraction three-quarters%BE\00be\276
&iquest;¿&#191;inverted question mark%BF\00bf\277
&Agrave;À&#192;capital A, grave accent%C0\00c0\300
&Aacute;Á&#193;capital A, acute accent%C1\00c1\301
&Acirc;Â&#194 ;capital A, circumflex accent%C2\00c2\302
&Atilde;Ã&#195;capital A, tilde%C3\00c3\303
&Auml;Ä&#196;capital A, dieresis or umlaut mark%C4\00c4\304
&Aring;Å&#197;capital A, ring%C5\00c5\305
&AElig;Æ&#198;capital AE diphthong (ligature)%C6\00c6\306
&Ccedil;Ç&#199;capital C, cedilla%C7\00c7\307
&Egrave;È&#200;capital E, grave accent%C8\00c8\310
&Eacute;É&#201;capital E, acute accent%C9\00c9\311
&Ecirc;Ê&#202;capital E, circumflex accent%CA\00ca\312
&Euml;Ë&#203;capital E, dieresis or umlaut mark%CB\00cb\313
&Igrave;Ì&#204;capital I, grave accent%CC\00cc\314
&Iacute;Í&#205;capital I, acute accent%CD\00cd\315
&Icirc;Î&#206;capital I, circumflex accent%CE\00ce\316
&Iuml;Ï&#207;capital I, dieresis or umlaut mark%CF\00cf\317
&ETH;Ð&#208;capital Eth, Icelandic%D0\00d0\320
&Ntilde;Ñ&#209;capital N, tilde%D1\00d1\321
&Ograve;Ò&#210;capital O, grave accent%D2\00d2\322
&Oacute;Ó&#211;capital O, acute accent%D3\00d3\323
&Ocirc;Ô&#212;capital O, circumflex accent%D4\00d4\324
&Otilde;Õ&#213;capital O, tilde%D5\00d5\325
&Ouml;Ö&#214;capital O, dieresis or umlaut mark%D6\00d6\326
&times;×&#215;multiply sign%D7\00d7\327
&Oslash;Ø&#216;capital O, slash%D8\00d8\330
&Ugrave;Ù&#217;capital U, grave accent%D9\00d9\331
&Uacute;Ú&#218;capital U, acute accent%DA\00da\332
&Ucirc;Û&#219;capital U, circumflex accent%DB\00db\333
&Uuml;Ü&#220;capital U, dieresis or umlaut mark%DC\00dc\334
&Yacute;Ý&#221;capital Y, acute accent%DD\00dd\335
&THORN;Þ&#222;capital THORN, Icelandic%DE\00de\336
&szlig;ß&#223;small sharp s, German (sz ligature)%DF\00df\337
&agrave;à&#224;small a, grave accent%E0\00e0\340
&aacute;á&#225;small a, acute accent%E1\00e1\341
&acirc;â&#226;small a, circumflex accent%E2\00e2\342
&atilde;ã&#227;small a, tilde%E3\00e3\343
&auml;ä&#228;small a, dieresis or umlaut mark%E4\00e4\344
&aring;å&#229;small a, ring%E5\00e5\345
&aelig;æ&#230;small ae diphthong (ligature)%E6\00e6\346
&ccedil;ç&#231;small c, cedilla%E7\00e7\347
&egrave;è&#232;small e, grave accent%E8\00e8\350
&eacute;é&#233;small e, acute accent%E9\00e9\351
&ecirc;ê&#234;small e, circumflex accent%EA\00ea\352
&euml;ë&#235;small e, dieresis or umlaut mark%EB\00eb\353
&igrave;ì&#236;small i, grave accent%EC\00ec\354
&iacute;í&#237;small i, acute accent%ED\00ed\355
&icirc;î&#238;small i, circumflex accent%EE\00ee\356
&iuml;ï&#239;small i, dieresis or umlaut mark%EF\00ef\357
&eth;ð&#240;small eth, Icelandic%F0\00f0\360
&ntilde;ñ&#241;small n, tilde%F1\00f1\361
&ograve;ò&#242;small o, grave accent%F2\00f2\362
&oacute;ó&#243;small o, acute accent%F3\00f3\363
&ocirc;ô&#244;small o, circumflex accent%F4\00f4\364
&otilde;õ&#245;small o, tilde%F5\00f5\365
&ouml;ö&#246;small o, dieresis or umlaut mark%F6\00f6\366
&divide;÷&#247;divide sign%F7\00f7\367
&oslash;ø&#248;small o, slash%F8\00f8\370
&ugrave;ù&#249;small u, grave accent%F9\00f9\371
&uacute;ú&#250;small u, acute accent%FA\00fa\372
&ucirc;û&#251;small u, circumflex accent%FB\00fb\373
&uuml;ü&#252;small u, dieresis or umlaut mark%FC\00fc\374
&yacute;ý&#253;small y, acute accent%FD\00fd\375
&thorn;þ&#254;small thorn, Icelandic%FE\00fe\376
&yuml;ÿ&#255;small y, dieresis or umlaut mark%FF\00ff\377
 

LATIN EXTENDED

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&OElig;Œ&#338;latin capital ligature oeu+0152 ISOlat2\0152\u0152
&oelig;œ&#339;latin small ligature oeu+0153 ISOlat2\0153\u0153
&Scaron;Š&#352;latin capital letter s with caronu+0160 ISOlat2\0160\u0160
&scaron;š&#353;latin small letter s with caronu+0161 ISOlat2\0161\u0161
&Yuml;Ÿ&#376;latin capital letter y with diaeresisu+0178 ISOlat2\0178\u0178
&fnof;ƒ&#402;latin small f with hooku+0192 ISOtech\0192\u0192
 

SPACING MODIFIER LETTERS

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&circ;ˆmodifier letter circumflex accentu+02C6 ISOpub\02c6\u02c6
&tilde;˜small tildeu+02DC ISOdia\02dc\u02dc
GREEK
&Alpha;Α&#913;greek capital letter alphau+0391\0391\u0391
&Beta;Β&#914;greek capital letter betau+0392\0392\u0392
&Gamma;Γ&#915;greek capital letter gammau+0393 ISOgrk3\0393\u0395
&Delta;Δ&#916;greek capital letter deltau+0394 ISOgrk3\0394\u0394
&Epsilon;Ε&#917;greek capital letter epsilonu+0395\0395\u0395
&Zeta;Ζ&#918;greek capital letter zetau+0396\0396\u0396
&Eta;Η&#919;greek capital letter etau+0397\0397\u0397
&Theta;Θ&#920;greek capital letter thetau+0398 ISOgrk3\0398\u0398
&Iota;Ι&#921;greek capital letter iotau+0399\0399\u0399
&Kappa;Κ&#922;greek capital letter kappau+039A\039a\u039a
&Lambda;Λ&#923;greek capital letter lambdau+039B ISOgrk3\039b\u039b
&Mu;Μ&#924;greek capital letter muu+039C\039c\u039c
&Nu;Ν&#925;greek capital letter nuu+039D\039d\u039D
&Xi;Ξ&#926;greek capital letter xiu+039E ISOgrk3\039e\u039e
&Omicron;Ο&#927;greek capital letter omicronu+039F\039f\u039f
&Pi;Π&#928;greek capital letter piu+03A0 ISOgrk3\03a0\u03a0
&Rho;Ρ&#929;greek capital letter rhou+03A1\03a1\u03a1
&Sigma;Σ&#931;greek capital letter sigmau+03A3 ISOgrk3\03a3\u03A3
&Tau;Τ&#932;greek capital letter tauu+03A4\03a4\u03A4
&Upsilon;Υ&#933;greek capital letter upsilonu+03A5 ISOgrk3\03a5\u03A5
&Phi;Φ&#934;greek capital letter phiu+03A6 ISOgrk3\03a6\u03A6
&Chi;Χ&#935;greek capital letter chiu+03A7\03a7\u03A7
&Psi;Ψ&#936;greek capital letter psiu+03A8 ISOgrk3\03a8\u03A8
&Omega;Ω&#937;greek capital letter omegau+03A9 ISOgrk3\03a9\u03A9
&alpha;α&#945;greek small letter alphau+03B1 ISOgrk3\03b1\u03b1
&beta;β&#946;greek small letter betau+03B2 ISOgrk3\03b2\u03b2
&gamma;γ&#947;greek small letter gammau+03B3 ISOgrk3\03b3\u03b3
&delta;δ&#948;greek small letter deltau+03B4 ISOgrk3\03b4\u03b4
&epsilon;ε&#949;greek small letter epsilonu+03B5 ISOgrk3\03b5\u03b5
&zeta;ζ&#950;greek small letter zetau+03B6 ISOgrk3\03b6\u03b6
&eta;η&#951;greek small letter etau+03B7 ISOgrk3\03b7\u03b7
&theta;θ&#952;greek small letter thetau+03B8 ISOgrk3\03b8\u03b8
&iota;ι&#953;greek small letter iotau+03B9 ISOgrk3\03b9\u03b9
&kappa;κ&#954;greek small letter kappau+03BA ISOgrk3\03ba\u03ba
&lambda;λ&#955;greek small letter lambdau+03BB ISOgrk3\03bb\u03bb
&mu;μ&#956;greek small letter muu+03BC ISOgrk3\03bc\u03bc
&nu;ν&#957;greek small letter nuu+03BD ISOgrk3\03bd\u03bd
&xi;ξ&#958;greek small letter xiu+03BE ISOgrk3\03be\u03be
&omicron;ο&#959;greek small letter omicronu+03BF NEW\03bf\u03bf
&pi;π&#960;greek small letter piu+03C0 ISOgrk3\03c0\u03c0
&rho;ρ&#961;greek small letter rhou+03C1 ISOgrk3\03c1\u03c1
&sigmaf;ς&#962;greek small letter final sigmau+03C2 ISOgrk3\03C2\u03c2
&sigma;σ&#963;greek small letter sigmau+03C3 ISOgrk3\03C3\u03c3
&tau;τ&#964;greek small letter tauu+03C4 ISOgrk3\03C4\u03c4
&upsilon;υ&#965;greek small letter upsilonu+03C5 ISOgrk3\03C5\u03c5
&phi;φ&#966;greek small letter phiu+03C6 ISOgrk3\03C6\03c6
&chi;χ&#967;greek small letter chiu+03C7 ISOgrk3\03C7\u03c7
&psi;ψ&#968;greek small letter psiu+03C8 ISOgrk3\03C8\u03c8
&omega;ω&#969;greek small letter omegau+03C9 ISOgrk3\03C9\u03c9
&thetasym;ϑ&#977;greek small letter theta symbolu+03D1 NEW\03D1\u03D1
&upsih;ϒ&#978;greek upsilon with hook symbolu+03D2 NEW\03D2\u03D2
&piv;ϖ&#982;greek pi symbolu+03D6 ISOgrk3\03D6\u03D6
 

PUNCTUATION

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&ensp;&#8194;en spaceu+2002 ISOpub\2002\u2002
&emsp;&#8195;em spaceu+2003 ISOpub\2003\u2003
&thinsp;&#8201;thin spaceu+2009 ISOpub\2009\u2009
&zwnj;&#8204;zero width non-joineru+200C NEW RFC 2070\200C\u200C
&zwj;&#8205;zero width joineru+200D NEW RFC 2070\200D\u200d
&lrm;&#8206;left-to-right marku+200E NEW RFC 2070\200E\u200e
&rlm;&#8207;right-to-left marku+200F NEW RFC 2070\200F\u200f
&ndash;&#8211;en dashu+2013 ISOpub\2013\u2013
&mdash;&#8212;em dashu+2014 ISOpub\2014\u2014
&lsquo;&#8216;left single quotation marku+2018 ISOnum\2018\u2018
&rsquo;&#8217;right single quotation marku+2019 ISOnum\2019\u2019
&sbquo;&#8218;single low-9 quotation marku+201A NEW\201A\u201a
&ldquo;&#8220;left double quotation marku+201C ISOnum\201C\u201c
&rdquo;&#8221;right double quotation marku+201D ISOnum\201D\u201d
&bdquo;&#8222;double low-9 quotation marku+201E NEW\201E\u201e
&dagger;&#8224;daggeru+2020 ISOpub\2020\u2020
&Dagger;&#8225;double daggeru+2021 ISOpub\2021\u2021
&permil;&#8240;per mille signu+2030 ISOtech\2030\u2030
&lsaquo;&#8249;single left-pointing angle quotation marku+2039 ISO proposed\2039\u2039
&rsaquo;&#8250;single right-pointing angle quotation marku+203A ISO proposed\203A\u203a
&bull;&#8226;bullet, a.k.a. black small circle
bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator — u+2219
u+2022 ISOpub\2022\u2219
&hellip;&#8230;horizontal ellipsis, a.k.a. three dot leaderu+2026 ISOpub\2026\u2026
&prime;&#8242;prime, a.k.a. minutes, a.k.a. feetu+2032 ISOtech\2032\u2032
&Prime;&#8243;double prime, a.k.a. seconds, a.k.a. inchesu+2033 ISOtech\2033\u2033
&oline;&#8254;overline, a.k.a. spacing overscoreu+203E NEW\203E\u203e
&frasl;&#8260;fraction slashu+2044 NEW\2044\u8260
 

LETTER-LIKE SYMBOLS

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&weierp;&#8472;script capital P, a.k.a. power set, a.k.a. Weierstrass pu+2118 ISOamso\2118\u2118
&image;&#8465;blackletter capital I, a.k.a. imaginary partu+2111 ISOamso\2111\u2111
&real;&#8476;blackletter capital R, a.k.a. real part symbolu+211C ISOamso\211C\u211c
&trade;&#8482;trade mark signu+2122 ISOnum\2122\u2122
&alefsym;&#8501;alef symbolu+2135 NEW\2135\u
ARROWS
&larr;&#8592;leftwards arrowu+2190 ISOnum\2190\u2190
&uarr;&#8593;upwards arrowu+2191 ISOnum\2191\u2191
&rarr;&#8594;rightwards arrowu+2192 ISOnum\2192\u2192
&darr;&#8595;downwards arrowu+2193 ISOnum\2193\u2193
&harr;&#8596;left right arrowu+2194 ISOamsa\2194\u2194
&crarr;&#8629;downwards arrow with corner leftwards, a.k.a. carriage returnu+21B5 NEW\21B5\u21b5
&lArr;&#8656;leftwards double arrow
can be used for ‘is implied by’
u+21D0 ISOtech\21D0\u21d0
&uArr;&#8657;upwards double arrowu+21D1 ISOamsa\21D1\u21d1
&rArr;&#8658;rightwards double arrowu+21D2 ISOtech\21D2\u21d2
&dArr;&#8659;downwards double arrowu+21D3 ISOamsa\21D3\ud1d3
&hArr;&#8660;left right double arrowu+21D4 ISOamsa\21D4\u21d4
&#9668;black left pointing triangleU+25C0\25C0\u25c0
&#9658;black right pointing triangleu+25B6\25b6\u25b6
&#9650;black up pointing triangleu+25B2\25b2\25b2
&#9660;black down pointing triangleu+25BC\25bc\25bc
 

MATHEMATICAL OPERATORS

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&forall;&#8704;for allu+2200 ISOtech\2200\u2200
&part;&#8706;partial differentialu+2202 ISOtech\2202\u2202
&exist;&#8707;there existsu+2203 ISOtech\2203\u2203
&empty;&#8709;empty set, a.k.a. null set, a.k.a. diameteru+2205 ISOamso\2205\u2205
&nabla;&#8711;nabla, a.k.a. backward differenceu+2207 ISOtech\2207\u2207
&isin;&#8712;element ofu+2208 ISOtech\2208\u2208
&notin;&#8713;not an element ofu+2209 ISOtech\2209\u2209
&ni;&#8715;contains as memberu+220B ISOtech\220B\u220b
&prod;&#8719;n-ary product, a.k.a. product signu+220F ISOamsb\220F\u03a0
&sum;&#8721;n-ary sumationu+2211 ISOamsb\2211\u03a3
&minus;&#8722;minus signu+2212 ISOtech\2212\u2212
&lowast;&#8727;asterisk operatoru+2217 ISOtech\2217\u2217
&radic;&#8730;square root, a.k.a. radical signu+221A ISOtech\221A\u221a
&prop;&#8733;proportional tou+221D ISOtech\221D\u221d
&infin;&#8734;infinityu+221E ISOtech\221E\u221e
&ang;&#8736;angleu+2220 ISOamso\2220\u2220
&and;&#8869;logical and, a.k.a. wedgeu+2227 ISOtech\2227\u2227
&or;&#8870;logical or, a.k.a. veeu+2228 ISOtech\2228\u2228
&cap;&#8745;intersection, a.k.a. capu+2229 ISOtech\2229\u2229
&cup;&#8746;union, a.k.a. cupu+222A ISOtech\222A\u222a
&int;&#8747;integralu+222B ISOtech\222B\u222b
&there4;&#8756;thereforeu+2234 ISOtech\2234\u2234
&sim;&#8764;tildeu+223C ISOtech\223C\u223c
&cong;&#8773;approximately equal tou+2245 ISOtech\2245\u2245
&asymp;&#8776;almost equal to, a.k.a. asymptotic tou+2248 ISOamsr\2248\u2248
&ne;&#8800;not equal tou+2260 ISOtech\2260\u2260
&equiv;&#8801;identical tou+2261 ISOtech\2261\u2261
&le;&#8804;less-than or equal tou+2264 ISOtech\2264\u2264
&ge;&#8805;greater-than or equal tou+2265 ISOtech\2265\u2265
&sub;&#8834;subset ofu+2282 ISOtech\2282\u2282
&sup;&#8835;superset ofu+2283 ISOtech\2283\u2283
&nsub;&#8836;not a subset ofu+2284 ISOamsn\2284\u2284
&sube;&#8838;subset of or equal tou+2286 ISOtech\2286\u2286
&supe;&#8839;superset of or equal tou+2287 ISOtech\2287\u2287
&oplus;&#8853;circled plus, a.k.a. direct sumu+2295 ISOamsb\2295\u2295
&otimes;&#8855;circled times, a.k.a. vector productu+2297 ISOamsb\2297\u2297
&perp;&#8869;up tacku+22A5 ISOtech\22A5\u22a5
&sdot;&#8901;dot operatoru+22C5 ISOamsb\22C5\u22c5
 

TECHNICAL

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&lceil;&#8968;left ceiling, a.k.a. apl upstileu+2308 ISOamsc\2308\u2308
&rceil;&#8969;right ceilingu+2309 ISOamsc\2309\u2309
&lfloor;&#8970;left floor, a.k.a. apl downstileu+230A ISOamsc\230A\u230a
&rfloor;&#8971;right flooru+230B ISOamsc\230B\u230b
&lang;&#9001;left-pointing angle bracketu+2329 ISOtech\2329\u2329
&rang;&#9002;right-pointing angle bracketu+232A ISOtech\232A\u232a
 

MISCELLANEOUS

HTMLSymbolNumericDescriptionHexCSS (ISO)JS (Octal)
&loz;&#9674;lozengeu+25CA ISOpub\25CA\u25ca
&spades;&#9824;black spade suitu+2660 ISOpub\2660\u2660
&clubs;&#9827;black club suit, a.k.a. shamrocku+2663 ISOpub\2663\u2663
&hearts;&#9829;black heart suit, a.k.a. valentineu+2665 ISOpub\2665\u2665
&diams;&#9830;black diamond suitu+2666 ISOpub\2666\u2666

 

 

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